Case Study: Translation as a tool for understanding


December 2, 2015 by atacompass

Legal firm saves on discovery costs by partnering with translation company

We’ve all seen the images on the evening news: federal agents hauling computers and file boxes into the back of a big, white van, to be potentially used as evidence in a lawsuit. Anyone who has worked in a legal firm knows that there will be a small army of people needed to inventory, number and wade through those documents to identify what will be useful if the case goes to trial. This process, known as discovery, can be tedious and costly. But it’s even more complicated when those files are in a foreign language, and the team can’t understand them enough to know whether they have bearing on a case.

A legal firm was faced with exactly this dilemma during discovery for a case where their client suspected embezzlement. Hundreds of boxes of memos and expense reports, nearly all in French, needed to be combed through to determine if funds had been misappropriated. But no one in the Californian firm spoke enough French to even begin to understand what was in the documents.

The legal firm contacted a local translation company that specializes in French. With decades of experience, it didn’t take the owner long to realize that this was a potentially huge project. It would keep just about every French to English translator on her roster busy, and would be very lucrative. But it was clear to both the translation company owner and her attorney client that fully translating all of these documents was not the best use of her resources—translators—nor of the client’s money. And it would lengthen the process considerably.

Making translators a part of the team

So the translation company owner suggested something out of the ordinary. Rather than pulling most of her translators off other projects (potentially leaving her company’s other clients in the lurch) or refusing the project altogether, she sat down with the attorney to determine exactly what they were looking for. Since much of the discovery in these types of cases is done by the law firm’s clerks and interns, it became clear that the translators didn’t need a law degree, they just needed to know what the legal team was looking for. The client was delighted: not only would they save time, but also money.

The translation company set up a method to track the document numbers, and invited its contractors to sign up for times to come into the office to read and summarize the documents. With key terms on a whiteboard in front of them, the team of translators plowed through the file boxes much more quickly than they would have been able to fully translate the documents. What’s more, they could easily set aside a stack of memos that were in Spanish for another translator called in to handle that language.

The needle in the haystack

The team read well over 20,000 pages of documents in just under two weeks, and even better, found what the client was looking for: an invoice for a luxury vehicle that had no business being charged to the lawyer’s client.

The lesson is one we can all learn from: when your company needs to glean specific information from a large volume of foreign language documents, decide up front how to make the best use of your translation budget. In this case, polished translations would have been overkill and unnecessary, and machine translation (translation done entirely by computer) would still have required a huge amount of data entry time, with a high risk that the resulting translations would have been more confusing than helpful. Working with a professional, experienced translation provider made all the difference, and created a true win-win for both the law firm and the translation company.

Written by Caitilin Walsh, CT; French/German to English translator and ATA President-Elect

10 thoughts on “Case Study: Translation as a tool for understanding

  1. jsax27 says:

    This is a creative solution to the machine translation/polished human translation dichotomy. There are really situations where something in-between is needed and this translation company was creatively thinking outside the box to supply that needed service.

    • Thanks for your comment; and thanks for being the first person to comment on The Compass! We really appreciate your feedback and are glad you enjoyed the article!

  2. Great example of a compatible customer and service provider working well together. All the discovery document translation I’ve done over the years has been for patent litigation cases. I wonder how the new USPTO rules that came into force on March 2013 (first-to-file instead of first-to-invent being the key change) will affect technical and patent translators. I can imagine translating fewer boxes of lab notebooks in an effort to find the key piece of discovery information, which was often required until now. Instead, I think we will translate more published prior art before filing and for litigation cases, as proving novelty will become so important, and the prior art in any language counts under the new system.

  3. Julia Pedro says:

    Caitlin, thank you for writing this article. This is a good example where synergies are combined to achieve the best results.

  4. […] For some lawsuits, translating every single page in every box of documents isn’t the way to overcome a language barrier during discovery. Caitilin Walsh authors a great post for the American Translators Association’s web-based outreach publication The ATA Compass on how one smart law firm partnered with a savvy language service provider to comb through tens of thousands of pages written in French to find that one crucial piece of evidence. And they did it without breaking the client’s bank or exhausting the LSP’s linguistic resources. Learn more here. […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 183 other followers

© American Translators Association and The ATA Compass, 2016. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the American Translators Association and The ATA Compass with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Reprints may be used with permission from The ATA Compass, published by the American Translators Association ( Requests for permission to reprint articles should be sent to
%d bloggers like this: